Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, lovably called as Bapu, was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbandar, in Gujarat. His father was a higher official of Porbandar and his mother Putlibai was a religious women. Gandhi was an average student but he derived the modesty from his father and moral through his mother. Stories, such as Satya Harishchandra highly influenced Gandhi to lead a principles life.
At the age of 19, Mahatma Gandhi went to England to become a lawyer. After returning to India, he began to practice the law in Bombay (now Mumbai) with little success. So, when he received an offer to from a firm in South Africa, he was ready to oblige it. He was 24 years by the time and had a wife named Kasturibai.
While being in South Africa which was dominated by the Europeans, Gandhi often felt the discrimination against the Indians. On one such occasion, he was forced to give up his seat in the First class compartment to a European. When he refused to do so, he was beaten up by the coach driver and was thrown out of the train. This proves to be the wake up call for Gandhi to fight and he soon found out the way to revolt and that is called a Satyagraha.
The forced of truth with the newly formed Satyagrah, Gandhi was able to combat the discrimination against the Indians. He even deemed them to right to vote for which he became a national hero. In 1914, while Mahatma Gandhi came back to India, the country was under the rule of the British. Gandhi immediately join the freedom movement and called for the Swaraj – the rule by of the own country men.
With the introduction of Gandhian style of non-violence and non-cooperation the Indian freedom struggle was much powerful. In 1921, he was made the leader of the Indian National Congress (INC) – the party that was fighting for the Independence.
In 1930, as the British Government imposed tax on the salt, Gandhi took a 400 march to a seashore called Dandi. There, he made salt with his own hands to show his protest against the evil tax. He even encourage the use of the home made khadi through an instrument called as Charkha. Khadi was not only aimed to provide self dependence, it was indeed an act to rebellion against the foreign made clothes.
Gandhi not just influenced the people to be powerful and independent he showed them the way a leadership be – calm, simple and humble. Gandhi was always against the social evils such as untouchability. With such qualities he was rightly called as Mahatma – The great soul.
Whenever, his ways of non-violence and not yielded the expected result Gandhiji resorted to the hunger strike placing his own life to danger for the cause. As the second world war broke out in 1939, Gandhi thought it would be the right time to force the Britishers to quit. He invoked a movement in 1942 called Quit India Movement.
By the year 1947, the British Government has enough trouble to stake in India and England. So, it did leave India but only after dividing it into two countries – India and Pakistan. Though, Gandhi was happy for the Independence, he was shattered by the partition as it was not a peaceful process. It led to violent clashes between the Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi repeatedly went to the hunger strike to reach the peace among the country.
Among one such occasion, in 1948, as Gandhi completed the two day hunger strike in New Delhi, he was shot dead by a Hindu nationalist called, Nathu Ram Godse. Though, Gandhi was no more to leave the nation, his principles and characters has always shown the best way for the leaders to follow. Read more